Go here for more on MLA formatting: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/1/

MLA sample paper, which includes proper header: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/20090701095636_747.pdf



Example of an in-text citation with a direct quotation and a paraphrase:

Jeff Robinson, a sports writer for the Portland Herald, argues that Abraham Stewart is the best ball player seen in years. Robinson's online blog, www.jrob.blogspot.com, frequently includes his comments on Stewart's impressive statistics. On his February 18, 2012 blog, Robinson writes that "Stewart is a home town hero! He'll be well remembered and celebrated in the area long after his high school basketball glory days."

Example of a parenthetical citation with a direct quotation:

According to some, dreams express "profound aspects of personality" (Foulkes 184), though others disagree.


Plagiarism is a form of cheating. Not citing sources is plagiarism. Citations are required for more than just stories and webpages. You must also cite picture images, maps, other people's ideas, information from someone else, your textbook, dictionaries or encyclopedias you have used, and so on.

The St. Patrick School Parent/Student Handbook states:

Students may not plagiarize another person's work. Plagiarism is the use of another person's work without giving credit to that person. Plagiarism includes using information from a book, the Internet, a friend, or a parent. It pertains to words, pictures, and ideas. Students are expected to do their own work, unless otherwise specified by the teacher. If an assignment calls for research and/or use of information from a source other than the student's own thoughts or textbook, that information should be documented. If a student is concerned about possible plagiarism, the student should consult the teacher before handing in the assignment. For information regarding proper documentation, students can consult MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers or visit Purdue University's on-line writing lab: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/01.

Plagiarism is a form of cheating. When students plagiarize, they will receive no credit for the assignment with the possibility of suspension and/or expulsion.

Further, the handbook states:
The National Honor Society guidelines stipulate that consideration for membership be deferred for one year if a student is found guilty of cheating



Help with Citations

Cite all sources in MLA form.

Knight Cite Citation Generator from Calvin College: http://www.calvin.edu/library/knightcite/

Purdue University's online writing lab: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/01



A good outline helps a writer get organized by allowing for a free flow of ideas. A usual outline looks like this:

  • Introduction – This gives a general background to the essay topic and tells the readers why it is significant to deal with it.
  • Thesis statement – It is a statement or declaration that is elaborated in the body part of the essay. Thesis goes in the introduction paragraph.
  • Body – The body of the essay argues, proves, or discusses your point(s). It generally is divided into paragraphs, separate for each major point, and supporting information for the same.
  • Conclusion – Here you summarize, highlight and reinforce the main points discussed. Include thesis statement rephrased.


General Outline Format:


I. Introduction - HOT strategy:
A. Hook - interesting lead in, attention getter if/when a
B. Overview - general background to the topic, significance of topic, preview of essay significance of topic
C. Thesis statement - controlling sentence for entire paper


II. Body (at least 1-2 paragraphs for each)
A. Major point & supporting details
B. Major point & supporting details
C. Major point & supporting details
D. Major point & supporting details


III. Conclusion – a cohesive summary and take-away of the essay - do not introduce new ideas in a conclusion.
A conclusion is NOT a paragraph where the words of the introduction have been reordered.
Conclusion includes thesis and ends with a clincher.
Stay on TRACK with conclusions:
TR - Thesis Rephrased
A - Analysis and application - why the main points are important, why the topic is important, a call to action if persuasive piece
CK - end with a clincher that delivers a Knockout punch for the reader. Make the essay/paper sound complete with no questions remaining.